|Elevation||1,830 m (6,000 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+3:30 (IRST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+4:30 (IRDT)|
|Website||http://www.akhale.ir/ (in Persian:آخاله|
Golpayegan (Persian: گلپایگان, romanized: Golpāyegān; also known as Shahr-e Golpāyegān meaning "City of Golpayegan") is a city and capital of Golpayegan County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 47,849, in 14,263 families. Golpayegan is located 186 kilometres (116 mi) northwest of Isfahan and 102 kilometres (63 mi) southeast of Arak, situated at an altitude of 1,830 m. Its temperature fluctuates between +37° and -10° Celsius. Its average annual rainfall is 300 mm.
Land of tulips
Historically, the name of the town has been recorded as Vartpadegān, Jorfadeghan, Darbayagan, Kuhpayegan, and Golbādagān. Golpayegan means "fortress of flowers" and "land of tulips" (Persian: سرزمین گلهای سرخ, romanized: Sarzamin-e golha-ye sorkh). According to Ḥamd-Allāh Mostawfi, the town of Golpāyegān was built by the daughter of Bahman, named Samra, also known as Homāy Bente Bahman in Persian.
After Parsadan Gorgijanidze was dismissed from his post as prefect (darugheh) of Isfahan, he was appointed as the new eshik-agha (Master of Ceremonies) and given five villages in the confines of Golpayegan as a fief by king (shah) Abbas II (r. 1642-1666). Historically, the name of the town has been recorded as Karbāyagān; Jarbāḏaqān; Darbāyagān; and Golbādagān.
Several historical monuments are located in Golpayegan: Jameh mosque of Golpayegan, a minaret (Manar) from the Seljuk period, the Sarāvar mosque from the 15th-16th centuries, as well as the Hevdah Tan shrine from the 17th century, Gouged Stronghold, the stronghold was used as a caravansary, but during the war time or when the bandits attacked, it was used as a castle.
- Golpayegan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3064684" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
- (Wezārat-e defāʿ, pp. 218-19; Wezārat-e rāh wa tarābari, pp. 119-20).
- (Eṣṭaḵri, p. 198, n. c);
- Moqaddasi, p. 402;
- (Abu’l-Fedā, Taqwim, p. 419;
- (Nozhat al-qolub, ed. Le Strange, p. 68).
- (p. 95) and Qāżi Aḥmad Ḡaffāri (p. 30),
- Giunashvili 2016.
- Paghava, Turkia & Akopyan 2010, p. 22. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPaghavaTurkiaAkopyan2010 (help)
- Minu Yusofnezhad, "GOLPĀYAGĀN", Encyclopaedia Iranica
- (Meškāti, pp. 64-67; Rafiʿi Mehrābādi, pp. 895-96, 898-901).
- Giunashvili, Jemshid (2016). "GORGIJANIDZE, PARSADAN". Encyclopaedia Iranica.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Paghava, I., Turkia S., Akopyan A. (2010), "The cross-in-circle mark on the silver coins of the Safavid ruler, Sultān Husayn, from the Iravān mint", Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society 202
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